For at least a hundred years, immigration has played a decisive role in the Grand Duchy’s economic development. Currently, the country’s population features an extremely large proportion of foreigners: on 1 January 2017, 47.7% of the total population was not of Luxembourgish nationality.
The official languages are Luxembourgish, French and German. The language of communication among Luxembourgers is Luxembourgish; the main language of communication between Luxembourgers and people who speak other languages is French.
School attendance is compulsory between the ages of 4 and 16 years. It includes a minimum of twelve years, divided between primary school (école fondamentale) and secondary education. All children of compulsory school age must be enrolled at a school, whatever their parents’ status. No child may be refused.
The vast majority of children and teenagers attend public, i.e. State-run schools. Additionally, several private schools offer either the same type of education as public schools, or other variants in terms of language and/or teaching concept.